Among the findings of this analysis:
- Since President Obama took office, 67 percent of employment growth has gone to immigrants (legal and illegal).
- There were 1.94 million more immigrants (legal and illegal) working
in the third quarter of 2012 than at the start of 2009, when the
president took office. This compares to a 938,000 increase for natives
over the same time period.
- Most of the immigrant growth in employment was the result of new
immigration, rather than immigrants already in the country taking jobs.
Some 1.6 million new immigrant workers arrived from abroad since the
start of 2009 — we estimate 70 to 90 percent entered legally.
- Immigrants made employment gains across the labor market. In
occupations where immigrant gains were the largest, there were 2.2
million unemployed natives.
- A large share of employment growth was going to immigrants well
before President Obama took office. However, he has taken steps to
increase the level of job competition from foreign-born workers:
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- He offered work authorization to an estimated two million illegal
immigrants who arrived in the country before age 16 — nearly 200,000 of
whom have applied so far.
- When auditing employers who hire illegal workers, the administration
has not detained the illegal workers as a matter of policy, allowing
them to take new jobs.
- The administration called on the Supreme Court in 2010 to strike down Arizona’s law requiring employers to verify the legal status of new workers.
- He offered work authorization to an estimated two million illegal immigrants who arrived in the country before age 16 — nearly 200,000 of whom have applied so far.